Matthew 5:1-12 (705)
A. Prior to Jesus’s teaching
B. The mountain might have been the “Horns of Hattin” located northwest of the Sea
of Galilee about seven miles from Capernaum or another mountain in the area.
1. Jesus taught the moral law of Christianity. These principles were to the New
Covenant what the Ten Commandments had been to the old.
C. Beatitude- a condition or statement of blessedness, which is a happiness that can
only be derived from God.
1. There are three parts: 1) a pronouncement of blessing found in the word “blessed,”
2) a quality of life, 3) a reason for the blessing. Illustrate with v3.
D. Let’s look at the first beatitude. V3
I. “Blessed are the poor in spirit”
A. What does it mean?
1. Humble. Replace “poor” with “humble.” A deep sense of dependency
on God. Realizing ones sinfulness and spiritual destitute. Being nothing
without God. Luke 18:10-14 (770)
a. Why was the Pharisee’s prayer not acceptable to God? Because of his pride.
b. Why was the tax collector’s prayer acceptable to God. Because of his humble
B. How do we develop an humble attitude?
1. By overcoming the obstacle of self. Luke 9:23 (760)
2. Begins with a self examination. When we humble ourselves, God will exalt us.
Matthew 18:1-4 (718)
3. We need to have the attitude possessed by the prodigal son in Luke 15:19 after he came
to himself. Luke 15:11-24 (768)
a. v12: “give me”; V17; V19: “make me”
b. What can of attitude do we need to have?
II. “For theirs is the kingdom of heaven”
A. What is the kingdom of heaven?
1. The kingdom of heaven is the kingdom that Christ would establish. Matthew 16: 13-
19 (717). V18 church; v19 kingdom of heaven.
Closing: A. Matthew 5:3 B. Poem- author and source unknown.